Occipital Nerve Block
An occipital nerve block is a treatment used to both treat and diagnose severe pain and swelling within the occipital nerves, which are located at the back of the head just above the neck. Patients with irritation and swelling in these nerves often experience tension or migraine headaches in the back of the head that can significantly affect their quality of life.
This treatment involves an injection of steroid medication placed directly in the affected nerves to relieve pain and other symptoms. The occipital nerve block injection takes just a few minutes to perform using a local anesthetic. Immediate pain relief may occur as a result of the anesthetic, and then return with soreness for a few days. More lasting pain relief will likely begin on the third day after treatment.
Results of an occipital nerve block vary depending on each patient’s individual condition, with patients experiencing pain relief from a few days to several months. The injections are often repeated on a regular basis to maintain symptom relief and help reduce the frequency and severity of headaches.